Flora of Torres del Paine
Torres del Paine National Park can experience four seasons of the year in a day, therefore in Torres del Paine there is a varied flora that is very interesting to observe, here is a Flora found in Torres del Paine National Park:
- Broken Patagonian – Flora including scrub and guava grass resistant to strong winds & weather. Patagonian Patterns in the lowlands and highlands of the region. Characterized by the existence of bushes prostration, bearing plants and grasslands.
- Pre-Andean Shrubland – Home to green bushes such as edible calafate.
- Magellanic Logging Forests – Freezing forests that line the garden gorges, houses for Lenga trees (Nothofagus pumilio) and also Antarctic bushes.
- The Andes Desert – The species is tolerant of low temperature and high precipitation. The Andean desert corresponds to all areas that, due to climatic conditions determined by the heights, have vegetation without trees and tall bushes. Plants live most of the year in vegetative recess. On your way in the park you can also see a variety of trees and plants. We then share with you the five most representative species in the region and where to find them.
There is a plant called Embothrium coccineum, commonly known as Chilean firetree, Chilean firebush, Notro, or Ciruelillo in Spanish, Embothrium coccineum is a small cypress tree in the family of Proteaceae flowering plants. It grows in the jungle at a temperate climate in Torres del Paine. Embothrium coccineum is a beautiful little red flower tree growing in the bush and can be seen on the path visible when you walk to Las Torres Lodge with Los Cuernos camp and in the Pingo valley.
In Torres del Paine there are also Berberis microphylla plants, common names Barrie chalky and Magellan Barberry, in Spanish calafate and michay and other names, this plant is an evergreen shrub, with simple and shiny box leaves. Calafate is a native of southern Argentina and Chile and is a symbol of Patagonia. Black fruit shrubs and famous yellow flowers can be found on the track connecting the Las Torres sector with the Serón camp. Calafate Bush is a typical cypress tree found in open plains of forest trees and South Beech trees (Nothofagus). It has yellow flowers and edible fruit which is a small bitter blueberry, used to make jams and liquors. The symbol of Patagonia, with the legend stating that those who ate Calafate returned to Patagonia at some point in their lives.
There are plants type Armeria maritima, commonly known as thrifty, sea thrift or sea pink, is a species of flowering plants in the family Plumbaginaceae. It is a compact immortal that grows in a low grove and sends long stems that support the bright pink eyeballs. In some cases purple, white or red flowers also occur. It is a popular garden flower and has been distributed throughout the world as a garden and cut flowers. It is either in gardens designed as xeriscapes or a stone garden. Also used as a medicinal herb easily visible with thick pink flowers. This plant is present in the path that connects the destination of the Amarga Lagoon to the destination of Sarmiento.
There are several types of Calceolaria uniflora (syn Calceolaria darwinii, known as Darwin slipper) known as the perennial plant of the genus Calceolaria, known as skid. This comes from Tierra del Fuego in southern South America. Can be used as an orange flower herb that grows on rocky terrain like Las Torres base.
there are so many people who are confused with Artichoke (Lathyrus Nervosus) Easily confused with lavender, this purple herb and thin petals can be seen in the French valley if thoroughly searched. Many authors have suggested that Lathyrus nervosus and Lathyrus magellanicus are synonyms for the same plant. In fact, they are a timeless blue flowering species from South America, they are very different. L. nervosus often cultivates in England, and seeds are available from several sources.
There is a type of plant Misodrendon punctulatum (Farol Chino) here, has grown as mistletoe on various types of Southern Beeches (Nothofagus). The color changes from green to yellow to reddish brown throughout its life cycle and is very beautiful in the event of discoloration.
There are several types of Nothofagus pumilio (Lenga) along Torres Del Paine, this Lenga Tree is a deceased member of the South Beech family (Nothofagus) that can reach a height of up to 30m. It grows abundantly in Torres del Paine and its wood is used for construction due to its strength and durability.
Very interesting, there is a kind of tree called Nothofagus antártica (Ñirre) known as Antarctic Beech, this deciduous tree is from southern Chile and Argentina and is one of the most southern trees on earth. It grows to 20m high (substantially less in difficult climatic conditions) and is also found in the North Pacific Coast of the United States and in the UK.
There is Nothofagus Betuloides (Coigue) who is a member of the South Beech family (Nothofagus), this pine tree reaches a height of 25m and is good for tolerating the original climate of Patagonia. Also grows in Scotland and the wood is used for furniture for the necessities of life.
There is a kind of Chiliotrichum diffusum (Mata Verde) which is the Eye of Verde found in a clearing in the woods of Southern Beech (Nothofagus), forming a thick bush in the meadow. The flowers have good antiseptic properties for the body and are used medically by the Patagonian natives.
There is also the type of pojon Usnea barabata (Barba de Viejo) commonly known as Beard Old Man. Lichen species that grow in bark and branches in the South beech (Nothofagus). Calvatia Ciathiformis (hongo de polvera) Puffball mushroom with fleshy texture and cracked surface. Can be eaten as young, smooth and purple, but ripe into pear shaped and the color is darker.
there is a type of Cyttaria hookeri parasite (Dihueñe Mohoso) here, it is a parasite that appears in the Southern Beech branch (Nothofagus) and can cause the breaking of branches or windstorms. Cyttaria specific species are used in cooking skills.
Fauna of Torres del Paine
There are many animals in Torres del Paine ranging from the most endangered animals to the least feared animals, There are 15 species of mammals and most often seen are guanaco (Lama Guanicoe) and Chilla and Culpeo foxes. Huemul (deer Andean) and puma (cougar) are less visible. Birdlife is overwhelming, with over 115 species recorded including Andean condoms with wingspan up to 3.2 meters.
The following is a type of animals often seen in Torres del Paine:
There is a kind of Guanacos which is a kind of friendly South American-derived camel that migrates throughout the park in groups, except the lonely people who have been ousted from the group by dominant men during the breeding season. This animal height is about 1.20m and weighs about 110-120kg and spits when they feel threatened. There are many and their young (chulengos) born 11 months after the breeding season and lived with her flock for about a year.
There are several types of Fox here, namely Red Fox (Culpeo) – The largest fox in Chile, live solitary life and hunt at night. It can grow up to 120cm, including the tail, and weighs up to 12kg. Men provide food for mother and child. And there’s a fox type Gray fox (Chilla) – Size between 80-90cm and weighs up to 4kg. Both parents took care of her child.
There is a type of South Andean Deer Known as Huemul, this deer live in small clusters in high mountain forests and is a national symbol of Chile. They can reach 85cm high and weigh up to 100kg. They feed primarily on medicinal plants and scrubs and are listed as endangered specimens, with their conservation a top priority in the national park.
There are several types of Sundal patagonians that have been officially known as the Humbolt-nosed skunk, sagging Patagonian about 60cm and weighing 2kg. An aloof and nocturnal animal, the skunk lives in an open and grassy and famous area, like any other skunk, because of the odor that it creates when it feels very threatened.
The most interesting thing in Torres del Paine is there are some Puma, also known as cougar, panther or mountain lion, gold-plated puma aloof and rarely seen by tourists in the park in the summer although the number is very slowly increased. They hunt at night and grow up to 270cm and the weight of men reaches 90kg while females reach 60kg.
There are Kingfisher Ring birds that swarm the big and noisy form, the Ringing Kingfisher lives all over America from Texas to Torres del Paine. They have a grayish-gray feather with a white mark and the bottom is orange red. They live in forested areas, often near the lake to hunt for food.
There is a type of bird called the Patagonian Sierra Finch, known as Cometocino, usually this kind of animal builds a nest in the thorny Calafate bushes to protect their offspring from predators. Found in the forest area, the color is bright yellow and gray.
So, this is review of Fauna and Flora of Torres del Paine. Enjoy!